Meet the Border Terrier!
Unlike other small dogs, the Border Terrier is not up for posturing or proving who is the “bigger dog.” As a whole, they are very well-socialized with people, and very rarely timid.
If raised in a home and kept inside, they are calm, collected, and laid-back. However, because of their history, they have a tendency to be much more energetic when outdoors.
They are incredibly sturdy, solid, and built for work. They love high-action games that require lots of running and vigorous exercise. When taking them outside for walks, it is likely you will need a leash for them, as they will chase after anything that is smaller than itself.
It is not recommended that they are housed with a cat, since they may possibly chase it and get into dire consequences.
They are prone to the “dynamic terrier temperament,” which means that they are prone to barking, chasing, stubbornness, and extremely lively when posed with certain stimuli.
If a Border Terrier were to be found stuck in a small crook or space, that would not be unusual. They are frequently nosey and curious, trying to sniff out every corner. Because of this, if the owner were to get a fence, they are known for finding ways above, around, or below it. They are masterful escape artists.
When training, they love food as a reward. Be sure to reward in small amounts, as they are known for becoming overweight in the later age due to positive feedback.
Most notably, the Border Terrier has an otter-shaped head, and a short, rough double-coat. The coat colors are most commonly blue and tan, grizzle and tan, red, or a light brown. They have undocked ears that fall into triangles when perked up.
Males stand to about 16 inches maximum at the shoulder, and weigh about 15 pounds. Females, on the other hand, get to about 14 inches and 14 pounds, if fully grown.
Because of their double-coat, hand-stripping is necessary about twice a year. Hand-stripping is where the dead hair is taken out from the coat, either by a stripping knife or by hand. This allows room for the new coat to grow without too much discomfort for the dog.
They do not shed as much as other short-hair breeds.
Because of their double-coat, there are many variations and styles that can be done with it. Some prefer to let the hair grow long–others prefer to keep the hair short, or maybe allowing a little flare at the neck or on the legs.
Originally from Scotland, the Border Terrier got its name from being bred on the border of said country. They were originally bred to hunt down foxes, alongside with foxhounds and other breeds of hunting dog. They have been known for hunting other prey, such as otters or badgers.
Because of this ingrained instinct, they rate #1 for “Earthdog” titles. Earthdog competitions are where a dog is set out in an open area, and has to track down other animals in cages, including ones that are underground. While it may seem too much of a game to humans, these dogs actually love these competitions, since it challenges them in ways that living at home can’t.